encyclopedia of Britannica, hadith is a record of traditions or sayings of
the prophet Muhammad revered and received as a major source of religious law
and moral guidance second only to the authority of the Quran, the holy book
Wikipedia is one of various reports describing the words and actions or
habits of the prophet Muhammad.
Allama Ibn e Hajar Asqalani, whatever belongs to the last messenger, is
What is the
meaning of hadith?
It is an
Arabic word which mean is to happen. And so to tell a happening, to report,
to have and give as news and to speak of.
meaning of hadith is new, the hadith is newer than Quran, so it is called
When did it
come in existence?
prophet Muhammad was sent to Makkah where the people have sharp memories.
They believed their memories so much, that they wanted not to write anything.
Dictation or writing was looked down upon as compared to oral transmission. So
that there were very few persons who have the writing ability. They memorized
the names of their 30 ancient fathers.
Not that only
but they remembered their horse’s races as well as the man.
But, word is
word that has no value after few moments. When the messenger told the people the
importance and encouraged them to read and write, they paid attention and they
began to write the words of last prophet. They wrote on the leaves, bones and
the pieces of leather. Once he ordered not to write everything for they could
mix the Quran with His sayings. After that, He permitted them when He
believed that they had learnt the difference of His words and the words of
Allah. In the other words the difference of Hadith and Quran. So the
compilation of hadith in a book form had become a known practice even during
the prophet’s lifetime.
Thus, many of
his companions had collected a lot of his sayings and doings and His wives
described His personal life, (because the messenger did not come to teach
only the public work and social reform, He came to change the lives.)
were found many collections of hadith prepared by His companions, called ‘Sahifa’.
Ali bin Abu
Talib, son in law of the messenger, had compiled a small book containing
traditions of the prophet.
Amr bin Aas had also collected by permission of the prophet some traditions
in a book which he named Al-sahifa Al-sadiqah.
Abdullah was the compiler of a small collection of hadith.
siddiq had also a collection of hadiths.
Amr Bin Hazm
and Abu Huraira are also reported to have gathered some traditions.
Hammam bin Munabbah, the pupil of Abu hurairah, came and compiled a famous
sahifa of which manuscripts are found in in the libraries of Berlin and
recorded work of first century. After that, when Umar bin Abdul Aziz became
the caliph, he promoted the experts to collect the sayings of the messenger.
They began to write down them. Thus, the work of compilation of hadiths,
which began in first century, became a subject of research in second century
because of promoting by the king of time.
people say about hadith?
these days, think that the books of hadith (the collection of the quotes of
last messenger and his works) came into existence in third century. They told
that there were no book of hadith before third century. May be they think
that the first book of hadith is Bukhari
Sharif. But that is not true as We have described it in detail. The work of
collecting the quotes of the last messenger had started in first century, but
in his life. Once the messenger asked one of his companion why you stopped to
write my sayings. He replied that you had told not to write them. So I
stopped since then. The messenger said to him, “I am a messenger of God and I
don’t say even a word but truth, so keep on writing.”
What is the
importance of Bukhari Shareef?
shareef is a valuable and most authentic book of hadith .Imam bukhari was a
great scholar. There are big efforts of imam bukhari behind bukhari shareef.
He had collected six thousands hadiths hard workingly. But it’s neither a
first book of hadith as many people think nor bukhari shareef is the last
word in the hadiths.