Title by American painters such as Jackson

Title :  Pushing The Envelope :  figuration and Abstract Expressionism, an examination of the works of Gorky and de kooning.:In this dissertation, I will discuss the works of William De Kooning from the Abstract Expressionist era, and Arshile Gorky in the wider Abstract Movement. Throughout I will explore the two specific artists’ different methods of abstraction, with my focus being based on the history of abstraction and figuration. I will also discuss the Abstract Expressionism movement which was first established in the early 1900’s and had a huge influence on various artists (Fer, 2000), including Gorky from the earlier movement of abstraction who completed a number of works which highlighted the movement and its unique style of painting.  According to Crowther and Wunsche (2012), there are many ways to produce an abstract piece, including those consisting of frantic mark making and reconstruction of structural pieces.How its going to be structured and what the overall argument will be? Abstract expressionism The Movement Abstract expressionism is a post–World War II art movement in American painting, developed in New York in the 1940s. It was the first precise American movement to achieve international influence and put New York City at the centre of the western art world, a part previously occupied by Paris. Abstract expressionism is the term applied to new forms of abstract art developed by American painters such as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Willem de Kooning in the 1940’s and 1950’s. It is often categorized by gestural brush-strokes or mark making, and the impression of impulsiveness. Most Abstract Expressionist paintings are large scale, include non-objective imagery, lack a clear focal point, and show visible signs of the artist’s working process, but these characteristics are not consistent in every example. (AnfMann,2017)(virgina B Dr. Virginia B. Spivey, “Abstract Expressionism, an introduction,)Although widely known by individual styles, the Abstract Expressionists shared common artistic and intelligent interests. While not explicitly political, most of the artists held strong opinions based on Marxist ideas of social and economic equality. Many had advanced directly from employment in the Works Progress Administration’s Federal Art Project. There, they developed  influences in Regionalist styles of American artists such as Thomas Hart Benton, and also the Socialist Realism of Mexican muralists including Diego Rivera and José Orozco. (AnfMAnn,2017)For other artists, scale greatly contributed to the meaning, and for the time, the works were vast in scale. In addition, they were meant to be seen in relatively close environments, so that the viewer was virtually enveloped by the experience of confronting the work. Rothko said, “I paint big to be intimate.” The concept is toward the personal and true expression of the individual rather than the extravently. |(Rothko,1950)