The scientific approach, the interpretive approach makes

The approach
a researcher uses for his research has a direct influence on the way the
discussion and conclusion of the research paper is written. Therefore, both
papers have very contrasting conclusions and discussions. These contrasting
ways of concluding a research paper reflect the utilised research approach (Lee
& Lings, 2008). This section aims to analyse how the scientific approach of
Engelen, Brettel and Wiest (2012) differs from Leonardi’s (2011) interpretive
approach in the way the study’s conclusion and discussion are written.

 

Scientific Approach

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The
scientific approach aims to objectively look at a phenomenon and analyse the
data to create a simplified, generalised and singular explanation. Engelen,
Brettel and Wiest (2012) explain in their discussion that the data they found
confirm the theory they expected: “In line with extant research, the positive
performance consequences of CFI’s dimensions are confirmed”. First, the large
amount of data was measured objectively. Then, a conclusion is drawn and
explained through a more general and abstract theory. The scientific approach
aims to narrow the information down to a concrete, general idea. Accordingly,
the scientific approach focuses on deduction. Do they want to generalise their
findings?

 

Interpretive Approach

On the
contrary, the interpretive approach is aimed at developing a deeper, more
specific and informative reasoning. In his discussion, Leonardi (2011) makes
clear that “innovators were blind to the reasons why others disagreed with them”.
He explains that members of an organisation have difficulties understanding
each other because of their different contexts and viewpoints. This is a matter
of human phenomena that can be understood by comprehending the individual
phenomena, and can therefore be considered through the concept of hermeneutics.
By adopting the interpretive approach, Leonardi views the research through a
subjective lens. The matter of his research is heavily influenced by personal
values and contexts. Unlike the scientific approach, the interpretive approach
makes use of induction. As a result, Leonardi’s 
conclusion offers a deep and specific explanation with an abundance of
information.