Roman he describes. While rendering the story

Roman myths were usually inspired by historical events and were told with the purpose of teaching moral lessons. Most of ancient Roman history  started with some form of godly intervention which were meant to make the events more credible. Roman people grew in power and made their neighbors believe in their greatness by advertising how they had been blessed and how the gods were always looking upon them. Livy skeptically gives his own rendition of the foundation of Rome. He appears to not believe in the supernatural godly aspect of history but he does believe that Romulus, the first king and founder of Rome was one of the greatest rulers of all time. The purpose of this paper is to analyze how Livy portrays Romulus as one of the greatest rulers of all time by focusing on his best attributes such as the successful government system he created, his ability to populate Rome and making Rome undefeatable. Livy begins Romulus’ story by explaining his origin and upbring. Like most Roman stories, for Romulus to be considered the great ruler he is known as some form of godly or magical intervention had to be stated. Romulus and Remus, his twin brother, were conceived after Rhea Silva, Numitor’s daughter, was violated by Mars, god of war. Livy appears skeptical while rendering Romulus’ conception but tells the majestic story in such a way that the reader can decide for himself if he believes whether Romulus’ origins are godly. Livy goes on to give a short rendition of how Remus and Romulus were brought up by a shepherd after having being raised by a “she-wolf”, who Livy believes was just an offensive nickname for a promiscuous woman who helped rear them. Livy’s high standing views of Romulus can be seen from the very first battle he describes. While rendering the story of how Amulius was brought down, Livy leads the audience to believe that Remus was a useless coward as opposed to his brave brother, Romulus, who gathered a group of shepherds to aid him in his mission to not only free his brother but put an end to Amulius, the tyrant ruler. It was because of this event that when Livy continues with the history of Romulus the reader is led to cheer for him instead of Remus in their battle for the throne. Romulus is portrayed as the more able and braver brother and therefore more deserving of the throne. Romulus was the founder of the senate governmental system. After having won his rightful place as ruler of the city he baptized as Rome he decided that order and stability had to be created through law. Livy describes the situation as a man merely trying to bring peace and power to what he later referred to as “the greatest nation on earth.” In Livy’s rendition of events Romulus chose the richest and noble men to form the senate because only they could be seen as the authority and therefore be feared and respected. It was because of this decision that social classes were divided into two groups, the patricians and the plebeians. The senate was in charge of foreign affairs, foreign payments and law making. The patricians had all the power in Roman society, they were the law and the masters plebeians paid their daily respects to. This government system was the first of its kind during the time as well as one of the most successful. After having created a safe and stable society Romulus realised that the only way for his empire to survive was to populate Rome. Livy describes Rome as a highly advanced and strong nation but deemed to die after a generation if Romulus had not found the solution to this. Livy doesn’t appear disturbed by Romulus’ actions in the slightest. Romulus decided that the only way to populate Rome was to trick neighboring cities into visiting Rome for a holiday Romulus invented with the purpose of kidnapping women. After having taken all the girls from his neighboring cities, Romulus forced them to marry Roman men and granted them all Roman citizenship. Livy’s choice of words and previous statements lead the reader to believe that such actions were necessary for the greater good. This event is a necessity for the survival of Rome. By previously mentioning that the greatest nation on earth wouldn’t have made it past one generation without more women, Livy justifies Romulus’ actions. His perception of him is clearly that of admiration which either clouds his perception of wrong and right or he actually didn’t see anything wrong with women being kidnapped. Throughout most of the history of Rome women are constantly depicted as the weaker sex that has to suffer in order for history to move on which is why Livy may have actually seen this as just another necessity.The kidnapping of Sabine women led Romulus to war with his neighbors. The first to attack were the people of Caenina. Livy portrays the Caenina people as angry and short-sighted as opposed to the undefeatable smart Romans. Due to the Caenina’s quick reaction, they had no time to plan and this resulted in their demise. Romulus slayed their king and stripped him of his armour dragging it to the location in which he built the first temple of Rome dedicated to Jupiter. The Romans had to then face the Sabines who had overtaken the Citadel and proven to be the best challenge they had encountered so far. The Romans were initially struggling but eventually were on their way to have the upperhand when the abducted Sabine women intervened and stopped the war from killing their husbands, on the Roman side, and their fathers, on the Sabine side. Livy portrays Romulus as forgiving and wise by showing him making a peace treaty with the people who had just attacked him and his nation. Once again, Livy chooses to talk about one the events that depict him as one of the wisest and greatest rulers of Roman history.According to Livy’s preface, the purpose of history is to have factual evidence of all kinds of possible behavior from which people may select what to emulate and what to prevent. Throughout Livy’s rendition of Romulus’ history the reader can see that once Romulus takes over the throne and founds the city of Rome he is constantly portrayed as a hero and the ideal ruler as opposed to Amulius who was viewed as a tyrant. Romulus appears to have learned from his adversity and rules as a forgiving brave king when compared to previous rulers. In Livy’s preface he states that he intends to neither affirm nor refute any of the previous events of Roman history but to merely explain “how men lived, what their moral principles were, under what leaders and by what measures at home and abroad” the Roman empire was won and extended. While he may have intended for these to be his actions he was unsuccessful and appeared as a biased historian who idolised Romulus. Livy chose to write the beginning of Roman history as a series of events describing Romulus’ greatness. While Livy did include events that to the average person may appear as horrific and immoral, Livy’s word choices and incorporation of other events leads the reader to believe that such actions were justified. Like I previously mentioned, the kidnapping of Sabine women was one of these events. Livy also chooses to portray Romulus as the ideal hero by describing how he was always ready for action and fought with no hesitation. He was always ready to defend his family and above all his country. He lived for his nation and would constantly risk his life for it too. During battles, he was always present and slaying whoever came across him. He was an incredible warrior but also a merciful man. He was always willing to offer his enemies peace so long as they were the ones surrendering to his demands. While Livy portrays this as a remarkable quality, for a man of his power and stature to be willing to offer his mercy to men who have stricken him and his people, to the average reader this is a selfish  and power hungry man. He was never willing to comply to any negotiations, in Romulus’ perspective it was an “if I let you live you ought to be grateful” kind of scenario.