Poe his wife in the cellar. In

Poe Short Stories “The Black Cat” and
“The Cask of Amontillado”

 
    Edgar Allen Poe’s short stories, “The
Black Cat” and “The Cask of Amontillado” are both about murder. In “The Black
Cat”, the narrator is a man who becomes an alcoholic and kills his wife in the
cellar. In “The Cask of Amontillado” Montresor is a man who takes revenge on a
friend by leaving him to die in the catacombs. Both characters are guilty of
murder, but reader may think that the narrator deserves a milder punishment for
the following reasons: he lost control, he did not plan his murder, and he was an
alcoholic and had no control over his actions.

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  The first reason why the narrator deserves a milder
punishment is he lost control. Is clear in the story that the narrator is an
alcoholic. In the story, the reader can find many pieces of evidence show that
the narrator lost control and end up killing his favorite cat. For example, in
page 1 “The evil effects of alcohol filled every bone in me. I took from my
coat pocket a pen knife and opened it. I grabbed the beast from the throat and
cut one of its eyes from the socket!” (Poe, The Black Cat). Here the reader can
see that alcohol took control over the narrator and drives him crazy. He over
consumes alcohol, when he arrives at home and he grab his cat and consequently,
he gave him a slight wound upon his hand with his teeth. Later, the narrator
feels so annoyed and hangs his cat with a noose. However, Montresor didn’t lose
control because of alcohol. He gave alcohol to Fortunato to make him feel more
drunk and take him to the catacombs.

 
The
second reason why the narrator deserves a milder punishment is he didn’t plan
to his murder. In line “I was hurt a creature who had once loved me and now
disliked me so much. We went into the cellar of the old building, the cat
followed me down stairs. When it nearly causes me to fall, I became engaged”
(Poe, Black Cat). The narrator hangs his favorite cat and now was the turn on
his new cat, he became so annoyed with both cats. This happen because of the
effects of alcohol. When he killed Pluto, he used a noose. In this case with
the new cat, the narrator was about to kill him with an axe and give a blow at
the animal. The effects of alcohol were attacking him. However, Montresor
Torture his friend. He became furious when Fortunato insult him, and he wanted
to take revenge against him. He planned his crime very carefully, so no one
will realize what he did to Fortunato.

 
  The third reason why the narrator deserves a milder
punishment is for not conceive of the crime. “The blow was stopped by my wife’s
hand. I was furious because she interfered. I withdrew my arm from her hold and
buried the axe in her brain” (Poe, Black cat). He became more furious because
his wife tries to defend the cat, the narrator kills his wife with an axe in
her brain she fell dead upon the spot. The narrator knew what he did to his
wife and he decided to hide the body up in the cellar and no one will realize
it. He did not torture his victim all of this happen, because the effects of
alcohol, the reader can see that in this part that he lost his temper and he
can’t handle himself. However, Montresor planned the murder of Fortunato, the
carnival season was the best place to take Fortunato away because everyone was
going to be drunk. Montresor lied to him and he make Fortunato more drunk. He
took him to the catacombs, then he covers the wall with bones. He put him in
chain. Without food and let him for 50 years. He felt proud of what he had
done, and he ended the story with Latin words “In pace requiescat” (Poe, The
Cask of Amontillado). It means May he rests in peace.

  
  As the reader can see, above are three strong reasons
why the narrator deserves a milder punishment. He lost control, he didn’t plan
to kill his favorite cat and he murder his wife. In Reader view, an appropriate
punishment for the narrator would be leaving him in the jail for at least ten
years and take him to a therapy for alcoholic people. While Montresor deserves
a harsher punishment because he planned his crime, and this is considered as
first-degree murder. An appropriate punishment for Montresor would be leaving
him the whole life in jail.