revolutions have vitally essential outcomes. The Civil War which took place
between 1861 and 1865, shows so revolution. As the slavery has been abolished,
it was time for the industrial revolution to occur. Although the economic
growth of the United States of America in the late nineteenth and early
twentieth century might not be considered as stable, the technological progress
and however, took place as a dramatically rapid process. In the aftermath of
the Civil War, it was complicated for American business owners to raise capital
to ensure prosperity for their new and existing businesses. Nevertheless,
despite this fact, obtained in terms of the Industrial Revolution, the advances
such as steam coal, railroads, and technology have transformed the United
States of America in three core ways.
Civil War, using such natural mineral as coal as giving energy has become more
attractive to people. Due to great streams and rivers in the United States,
waterpower is most favored by that time (Gordon, 2016). An increased interest
in steam coal power during the industrialization may be considered as
determined several important centers of the coal industry. One of the biggest
was located in Pennsylvania (Gordon, 2016). Not only developing the coal
industry provided more work positions for people, but also may be considered as
one of the driving forces for society to switch from agrarian to industrial. At
some point, using steam coal played a significant role in shaping American
culture after the Civil War.
Still, such as
increased rates of producing goods, needing their proper transportation is
critical. Since dirt roads were not applicable for that, the development of an
extensive railroad system drastically affected the supply of massive machines,
materials, food, and other essential supplies which have been produced in a
different part of the country. Railroads have become a more affordable and
faster way to transport products. It was an essential step for South as before
war it was agrarian-oriented (Hirschman & Mogford, 2009). North, however,
would try to build the railroads before the Civil War started. In 1869, for
instance, the world first transcontinental railroad system which would join the
East Coast to the West Coast was completed (Gordon, 2016). In this regard, it
is being a crucial step in connecting the two sides of the country. Therefore,
as the distance of railroads was growing, the different parts of the country
acquired an opportunity to establish a more effective connection in order to
maintain stable growth of country’s economy.
terms of the Industrial Revolution, various technological advances would obtain
a place in people’s everyday lives. Due to scientific advancement, such
important tools as the typewriter, the telephone, and the gas engine have been
invented (Rozenberg, 1979). Moreover, although the telegraph and the sewing
machine were designed before the Civil War, they became widely used only in
terms of the industrial society. Thus, switching work to automatized led to
embracing existing technological advances as well as inventing new ones which
were crucial for the country to be called prosperous.
The impact of
such advancement as electricity on people’s lives cannot be left unmentioned.
Thomas Edison’s electric-power generation increased the quality of housing, so
people no longer relied on candles and kerosene much (Gordon, 2016).
Additionally, it has become possible to freeze food with the help of
refrigerators in order to transport it (Rozenberg, 1979). Therefore, due to
these technological advances, the quality of life, as well as its expectancy,
has drastically increased.
more outcomes of the implementation of electricity should be mentioned as well.
First, the electric elevator allowed to extend buildings horizontally (Gordon,
2016). Second, it helped any small industries and workshops to become larger
and increase mass production (Hirschman & Mogford, 2009). Third and more
importantly, powering machinery played an essential role in the emancipation of
women. They and children were allowed to work in factories along with men
(Rozenberg, 1979). In this regard, the implementation of technology led to the
establishment of new roles for various groups of the American community and
assisted in the growth of small businesses.
although the New World experienced the Industrial Revolution later than Europe,
the progress was rapid and led the United States of America to the list of the
most technologically advanced nations in the developed world. The use of steam
coal and the development of railroad system led to the industrialization of the
American economy and society of the late decades of the nineteenth century. Due
to it, different industrial centers were created and connected with one
another. Additionally, the technological advances transformed people’s daily
life of people by increasing its speed and the perception of human labor in
general. For this reason, it may be stated that those affected the nature of
the American society by shaping a lifestyle of latter.
(2016). The rise and fall of American growth. Princeton: Princeton
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