differences between Northern and Southern policies
Amongst the many reasons why Northern colonies
came to America was to; escape religious persecution they encountered in
England as well as looking for land to settle down whereas, the Southern colonies
came to make profits economically. Geographically, the Northern colonies area
had thin and rocky soil which was bad for farming while the Southern colonies
settlement area was on plains with had red clay fertile soil rich for farming.
Slavery was not popular in the Northern colonies as the farms were not many and
big enough due to the soils not being suitable for crop farming unlike, the
Southern colonies where slavery was huge due to the large tobacco plantations
that needed people to care for the crops. Economically, the Northern colonies focused
on trading and manufacturing while the Southern colonies did cash crop farming
mainly. The similarities between the Northern and southern colonies is that they
were all self-governed, they had slaves and did lumbering, ship building,
fishing and trading.
The Native Indians were not impressed by
the colonist’s settlement as they had enslaved the natives and taken their land
thus he planned a surprise attack as seen on the “Image of Native Attack on
Jamestown.” The image shows Natives attacking the Colonists who were not prepared
for the war. Opechancanough who was their chief thought the settlers would leave
after the attack, but it motivated them to plan on taking over the Indians. Virginia
colony was placed under a governor meaning it would have direct authority and
thus would initiate the attack towards the Native Indians. The surviving 900
colonists organized themselves into military bands, which then massacred scores
of Indians and devastated their villages (Give me liberty! Pg. 49). They
attacked the Indians and took Opechancanough with them who was later killed by
his guard and the Colonists took over the lands and enslaved the Natives.
Colonists wanted to take over the Native
Americans trade fully and thus planned on bringing them down by making them
follow their rules. “First by keeping them from setting corn at home and
fishing, secondly by keeping them from their accustomed trading for corn…
continually harrowing and burning all their Towns and winter, and spoiling
their wares…” (Proposal for subjugating Native Americans, 1622). They controlled
their corn trading as this was their main economic activity thus would bring
them down and made them slaves as they needed people to tend the corn and work
on the settlements.
“Brothers, we must be one as the English
are, or we shall soon all be destroyed. You know our fathers had plenty… But
brothers since these English have seized upon our country, they cut down the
grass with scythes, and the trees with axes” (Miantonomoh of the Narragansetts
appeals for native unity against English, 1643). The Natives decided to unit
once again as their property had been taken by the Colonists and started
plotting against the colony. The Colonists took over the settlements of the Natives
and everything they had.
English colonists were chiefly interested
in displacing the Indians and settling on their land, not intermarrying with
them, organizing their labor, or making them subjects of the crown (Give me
Liberty! Pg. 45). Colonists finally acquired what they wanted from the Natives.