In for the designs are different, making

In order to compare these chairs in consideration of the way
in which reason for designing them has changed, the artistic movement in which
they were designed must be considered. The values of society have changed,
leading to change in the way designers think about and choose to design. Eventhough
the purpose of both chairs is ultimatly the same, the motivations for the
designs are different, making the chairs look different.

Mackintosh’s ‘High backed chair'(‘Chaise à haut dossier’)
was created during the Arts and Crafts period. The movement began in the 1880s
due to a want for a more personal and traditional approach to design in
resistance to the growth of industrialism. Its principles involved the idea
that beautiful items providing human fulfilment were produced through
handcraft, and works from the movement often showed influence of nature. Using the
principles of this movement, we see how the ‘High backed chair’ was ultimately
made.

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The AXYL chair, on the other hand, was made in 2017 in a
collaberative attempt to produce “café furniture with a focus on sustainability”
with the idea of being able to produce a high volume of the product. Sustainable
design is a current movement, coming out of society becoming more aware of increasing
environmental problems due to lack of sustainability. Artists and designers are
trying to actively tackle these problems by creating products that are socially
and environmentally aware, as well as art that speaks out about the issues of
climate change, making others more aware of the need to change the way products
are designed and produced. We see this in AXYL’s fifteen page brochure and
advertising, as the production of the chair is made clear in order to show its
sustainability.

The materials used in each chair reflect the way design
ideology has changed. Mackintosh’s chair is made up of stained and varnished
oak, whilst the seat is straw and horsehair. The AXYL chair uses a similar
amount of less natural materials but all of them being recycled or reclaimed. The
main material used in this chair is recycled aluminium, which is very easy to recycle,
making the chair easier to make in volume. At the time of the production of the
‘High backed chair’, there was no lack of natural resources, making oak a
popular wood used to create furniture in the arts and crafts movement. These
natural materials reflected the ideology that nature and handcrafting were
important in producing a good product. Although the materials used to produce
the AXYL chair are not directly natural or renewable, they are used because
they are recycled, with preserving nature and the environment in mind, as sustainable
design should consider environmental impact at very stage in a products
life-cycle. Where Mackintosh  from the arts
and crafts movement wants to create a beautiful products by using natural
materials in the design of the ‘High backed chair’, Benjamin Hubert and
Allermuir are making a chair using recycled materials to help preserve the environment.

Not only the materials used to design each chair, but also the
shape and feel of the products shows the ways in which design has changed. In
response to the mass production of the Industrial Revolution, resulting in “frilly,
mass-produced knickknacks”, the Arts and Crafts movement favoured simple forms
and geometric shapes. This is seen clearly in Mackintosh’s chair which not only
is simple, but in which the geometric pieces it is composed of slot neatly together
to form the whole chair.

Although both designers utilise their designs to