Immunization cases and 213 cases in 2013

Immunization not only
safeguards a person, but also safeguards those in the general public by
expanding the general proportion of protection in the community and therefore
reducing the expansion of infection (Ministry of Health, 2015). For this
reason, Fiji introduced the Expanded Program on Immunization, 2013 – 2016
(EPI), which targets the twelve main infectious diseases in Fiji. This written
assignment will only be focusing on one of these diseases, which is
Tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is caused by the bacteria known as Mycobacterium Tuberculosis
which prevailed 15,000 to 20,000 years ago and was discovered in remains from
age-old Egypt, India and China (Mandal, 2017). Tuberculosis commonly causes
disease in the lungs, but also can affect any other part of the body. This
disease often involves reproductive age group at intervals of 15 to 55 years of
age who expose themselves to numerous communal and coincidental determinants (Ministry
of Health and Medical Services, 2016).

According to an article from the Fiji Journal of Public Health, Fiji had an occurrence
rate of 27/100,000 and an incidence rate 40/100,000 population. In the year
2010, there were about 191 active tuberculosis reported cases and 213 cases in
2013 which was documented by the national program. From these 213 cases, 42%
were from the Central/Eastern division, 41% from the Western Division and 17%
from the northern division. An approximated 7 to 11% of the accumulated
tuberculosis cases were characterized over children below the age of 15 years
of age.

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References
Ministry
of Health. (2006). Immunization Handbook
2006. Wellington: Ministry of Health.

Tuberculosis
in Fiji. (2016). Retrieved January 23, 2018 from
        http://www.health.gov.fj/eJournal/index.php/2016/02/18/tuberculosis-in-fiji/

Ministry of Health. (2015). Expanded
Program on Immunization (Version 1.1).

        Queensland, Australia: Common Wealth,
Australia.

Mandal, A. (2017). History of
Tuberculosis. Retrieved January 25, 2018 from
        https://www.news-medical.net/health/History-of-Tuberculosis.aspx