Originating
in the Americas, pepper (Capsicum annuum,
family Solanaceae) is now an important global vegetable crop and comprises a
variety of cultivars. However, crop yield and quality are negatively affected
by a number of important pathogens. Pepper plants are susceptible to infection by
more than twenty different viruses, many of which belong to the genus Tobamovirus. A significant pathogen is Pepper
mild mottle virus (PMMoV), which infects pepper plants as well as
other solanaceous crops. In particular, the virus poses a risk to human health,
having been linked to clinical symptoms such as fever, abdominal pains, and
pruritus