1. The statue is beautiful and balanced. The statue represents Zeus and has a height of 7 feet. Zeus is the most powerful of the Olympian Gods. With the nudity, Zeus has the left hand and leg toward for his enemy; while his right hand is raised and maybe holding an object, and his right leg is slightly bent. It is not a standing posture; it is a moving posture as ready to act. Zeus appears as a human figure, however, with a healthy and muscular, perfect body; this sculpture represents the Gods who is immortal, immortal, beautiful, and strong.
2. The sculpture represents the Gods as immortals, powerful and perfect beings. At this period, Greek art was oriented in a natural and realistic way, and at the same time pursued a beautiful ideal, focusing on the spirit of heroism. Aesthetics of image and sanctity create harmony into a unified whole. Greek conception of the divine world is like the human world. The gods represent an idea, a certain characteristic in ancient Athens society. This concept also influences the construction of buildings and structures in the Greek world during this period.
3. The sculpture offers that its subject is dying and not merely wounded or resting. Because we see a naked man on the ground, he seems to have fallen here, supporting himself with one arm while the other hand is tending to his leg wound. The hand on the ground is near a broken sword which might signifies a recent battle. His head is bent to the point where we cannot really see his face at all. He is bleeding from the big wound on his chest. The Dying Gaul seems to have given up and faced his imminent death with an agony that can clearly be seen on his face. You notice the face is muffled in pain. You see the tight muscles and you realize that this man lacked determination and faith. He does not really try to rise again and continue the fight. The Gaul had to face his own death. He knew he is going to die.
4. The sculpture expresses emotions in a clear way. It makes people feel his pain, despair as well as failure. All humans in the world will have to come to face with dying, hopelessness, and failure. This sculpture of the dying Gaul evokes the inevitability of life that all must come to an end.
5. Each statue represents a different culture. In the Hellenic period, one side represents the perfection in body shapes as well as harmony in motion such as Zezus of Atermisium. In the Hellenistic period, the art of sculpture is expressed to a different level. It is more alive, more fluid, and has more complexions. It also expresses stronger emotion such as seen in the Dying Gaul sculpture.
6. In the Hellenic period, sculptural art in this period represents the norm of proportion, shape, and appearance. There is a combination of tilting legs and a straight body. In the Hellenistic period, Athens is no longer the only center of prosperity. Continuing the style of the previous period, however, it was pushed higher on the expression of tragic emotions. Sculptures impress the eyes and emotions and more complex in expressive style. In addition to the ideal beauty of the figure, the sculptors also want to emphasize the beauty of personality and inner expressiveness.
7. During the Hellenic period, all the Greek statues from this time period show a lack of emotions, while the description of the ‘barbarian’ shows a significant facial expression. This is because the Greeks believed that the inhibition of emotion is a noble characteristic of all civilized people, while the public display of human emotion is not a sign of manliness. The Greek period after the conquest of the Alexander the Great is an era of prosperous development. This period has made great progress in the art, exploration, literature, and sculpturing. During their conquests, the Greeks are influenced by many cultures and it led to great development and change in the art of sculpturing.